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M106 highest resolution ever...


Avdhoeven
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Full resolution via the link above...


About 2 years ago I worked on a mosaic of Messier 106, made using images of the Hubble Space Telescope.


Recently I found some new data sources on the internet, including some huge telescope databases with data from professional telescopes. That’s when I decided to see it there would be more field of view possible for this image.


Finally I found highres (0.18″/pix) data from the Canadian-French-Hawaii Telescope, located at Mauna Kea.


Processing of this image has cost me over 4 weeks, but I think the result is quite unique. As far as I could tell there has never been made such a high resolution image of M106 at this field of view.


The image shows galaxies up to a magnitude of +25. Literally thousands of galaxies can be observed in the background.


Data used:


R,G,B (r,g,u) data from the CFHT telescope (about 15 Gb!)


M106 core and NGC 4248 (lower right) were made using Hubble Space Telescope data.


Colors of the M106 core were imaged by the 1m telescope of the Tzec Maun Foundation in Cloudcroft, NM.


Several details made by the 8.2m Subaru telescope in Hawaii.


M106


Pierre Méchain discovered this galaxy in July 1781. He wrote a letter in 1783 to Bernoulli mentioning the discovery. He also sent his discovery to Charles Messier, but he never added it to his famous Messier catalogue. It was only in 1948 that this object was added as M106 to the catalogue.


In 1788 this galaxy was independently discovered by the famous astronomer William Herschel, who described it as follows:

“Very brilliant. Bright Nucleus. With faint milky branches north preceding and south following. 15’ long and to the south following running into very faint nebulosity extending a great way. The nucleus is not round.”


M106 is accompanied by the much smaller galaxy NGC 4248 (just below M106).


M106 is at a distance of about 25 million light-years from our own galaxy in the

constellation Canes Venatici. It is a spiral type galaxy and has a diameter of about 135 000 light-years. The spiral arms extend clearly out of the bright core and active star formation areas can be recognized in the arms.


M106 has been classified as a Seyfert galaxy with an active nucleus, showing emissions in the X-ray spectrum. The core probably contains a massive black hole with a mass of over 40 million solar masses. This is about ten times the mass of the central black hole in our own Milky Way.


Recent images acquired by the Chandra X-ray observatory have revealed two extra spiral arms previously hidden from optical observations.


Credits: Processing: André van der Hoeven Data: Hubble Legacy Archive, Canadian Astronomy Data Center, Japanese National Observatory, Tzec Maun Foundation


Acknowledgements:


This data was obtained using the facilities of the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre operated by the National Research Council of Canada with the support of the Canadian Space Agency.


Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, and obtained from the Hubble Legacy Archive, which is a collaboration between the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI/NASA), the Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility (ST-ECF/ESA) and the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre (CADC/NRC/CSA).


Thanks to the Tzec Maun Foundation for sharing their data and telescope time.


Thanks to the Subaru Telescope data archive.

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