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Catena Davy


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If we happen to observe small lunar craters all stretched out in a row, it makes us wonder what might have caused this. There are a variety of possibilities. 
- Some are endogenic, meaning they originated from activity within the Moon itself. Examples of this type include those that lie within rills, suggesting they were caused by subsidence or volcanism. 
- Secondary crater chains on the Moon are common. Such chains are generally radial to a large crater, occur near other such chains, and have raised rims with "chevron" imprints between craters that point back to the primary. Clearly, they were formed from debris thrown out of the large crater upon impact. We also find craterlets distributed in a haphazard line around some large craters, such as Copernicus. 
- Several crater chains on the Moon and elsewhere in the Solar System don't seem to fit either of the two previous scenarios. The mystery was solved in 1993 with the discovery of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9. As you recall, it was not a single comet, but a chain of twenty-one comet fragments created a year earlier when Jupiter's gravity tore apart the original comet. SL-9 crashed into Jupiter in 1994, and we can visualize that if Jupiter had a solid surface, a chain of craters would probably have resulted from any particles of SL-9 that survived passage through the atmosphere. In fact, such crater chains have been found on Jupiter's Moons Callisto and Ganymede.

We now know that fragmented comets are not unusual. Sunlight alone can shatter their fragile nuclei. The breakup of Comet Schwasmann-Wachmann 3 is a recent example. And there's evidence that many asteroids are really aggregates of dust and rock barely held together by a slight bit of gravity. If these things were to hit a terrestrial object, they'd likely make chains of craters. If you haven't already guessed, the word "catena" is a Latin term adopted by the International Astronomical Union to signify a chain of small craters.

In 1994, Jay Melosh and Ewen Whitaker announced their finding of two crater chains on the Moon, neither of which appears endogenic or secondary to a larger impact. One fairly large chain is near the crater Abulfeda and the other lies near Davy. The Davy crater chain is particularly interesting because it's an almost perfect line of twenty-three pockmarks each only a few miles in diameter. This is significant because it proves that multiple-impact events and resulting crater chains have indeed occurred in our Earth-Moon system.

This chain of craterlets doesn't actually lie within Davy, but in the larger, highly eroded crater basin with Davy at the (lunar) west edge. This basin is referred-to as "Davy Y". The image below from the Lunar Orbiter spacecraft clearly shows the chain stretching across Davy Y and up onto the walls of the basin (part of the crater Davy is seen at the upper right edge of the image).

Observing the Davy crater chain will test the quality of your telescope optics. This is one of those features that calls for high magnification. Bear in mind that even the largest of these craterlets is only a few miles wide. The best time to view is when the Moon is around 8 days old (just past first quarter) with strong shadows. The Straight Wall is a good indicator - if you can see it as a black line, then there is sufficient shadowing to see at least the largest craters of the Davy chain.The resolution of a large telescope is helpful, but not required so long as the optical quality is good.

The Moon fascinates people at public star parties, though we amateurs often regard it as a bit of a nuisance. But I find that challenges such as the Davy chain prod me to spend more quality time with our Moon.
Fonte: Jack Kramer - Lunar Challenge - Illinois

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superb, i knew it was only a matter of time before you posted a superb image of this wonderful feature, here in the UK we need a rare night of excellent seeing and a pretty good scope to do this justice

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Grateful for Jules confidence! Catena Davy is just another Catena Moon, I myself have made a post where I launched the idea that near the crater Muller on the other side there is also a Ptolomaeus Catena, which suggested calling Catena Muller. You can see it on my website: http: //astroavani.no.comunidades.net/catena-davy-e-catena-muller
Or Astrobin: http://www.astrobin.com/134031/9339dfcb9dd4e70d4db350e6bee6c9fd.1824x0_

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A beautiful image, Avani, and an interesting phenomenon, those crater chains.

I once read that when crater chains are strings of small, relatively deep and round craters they are probably chains of sink holes, maybe over old magma conduits, or cracks in the surface.

I find the other organizing principles less easy to understand. Wouldn't the traces of events like secondary impacts or impacts from fragmented bodies more often look quite random, like impact fields rather than neatly organised chains?

Phobos has lots of crater chains! Maybe because it has many cracks (although thee pseudo scientists of the so-called electric universe seem to have hijacked them for their fantastic interpretation).

Thank you Avani, for the thought provoking topic and the magnificent photograph.

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