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Hi. You need to do the secondary first. Initially you align it under the focuser, then you align the secondary to the centre of the primary. You may find thatthese are already OK. Once that's done you can align the primary mirror.

See the following:

 

http://www.astro-baby.com/astrobaby/help/collimation-guide-newtonian-reflector/

https://garyseronik.com/a-beginners-guide-to-collimation/

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That's fine. You are looking at the silhouette of the secondary mirror (the dark circle). The smaller grey circle is the reflection of the underside of the collimation cap.

The secondary mirror has what's called an 'offset'. It is supposed to be extended in one direction away from the focuser. It's hard to describe what the offset is for without diagrams. I'll try and find a good article.

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OK. here you go.

The issue is that when you intersect a cone, the ellipse is not centred over the axis of the cone. If you imagine a cone of light from the primary up towards the secondary, you will either need an oversized secondary mirror to capture the full area of the intersection, or an offset elliptical secondary. 

Follow this link and find the interactive diagram at the bottom of the page:

https://www.geogebra.org/m/NnxHw6gY

If you rotate the image so that you are looking down the axis of the cone, the elliptical intersection is offset.

image.png.6724833658db6c14307a73201fd439ac.png

image.png.fbcec78117ecf075ca5fcd26409ccd49.png

 

Edited by Pixies
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Sorry - one final comment for the OP.

You don't have to worry about the offset. If you follow Astro Baby or the Seronik guides or any instruction using a collimation cap (or Cheshire or sight-tube) when aligning the secondary, it just works. The only time you would need to worry about it would be if you were building your own secondary mirror holder.

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