Jump to content

Stargazers Lounge Uses Cookies

Like most websites, SGL uses cookies in order to deliver a secure, personalised service, to provide social media functions and to analyse our traffic. Continued use of SGL indicates your acceptance of our cookie policy.

Search the Community

Showing results for tags 'galaxy'.

More search options

  • Search By Tags

    Type tags separated by commas.
  • Search By Author

Content Type


  • Welcome
    • Welcome
  • Beginners
    • Getting Started General Help and Advice
    • Getting Started Equipment Help and Advice
    • Getting Started With Observing
    • Getting Started With Imaging
  • Community
    • Official SGL Announcements and Events
    • SGL Challenges and Competitions
    • SGL Star Parties
    • Star Parties & Astro Events
    • Celestial Events Heads Up
    • The Astro Lounge
  • Retailers
    • Sponsor Announcements and Offers
    • FLO Clearance Offers
    • IKI Observatory
    • Supplier Reviews
  • Astro Classifieds
    • For Sale / Swap
    • Wanted
  • Equipment
  • Observing
  • EEVA (Electronically Enhanced Visual Astronomy)
  • Imaging
  • Science
  • WADAS's WADAS Discussion Forum
  • Beaufort Club's Topics
  • Swindon Stargazers Club's Topics
  • East Midlands Stargazers''s Topics
  • Central Scotland Astro's Topics
  • SGL Cumbrian Skies's Topics
  • Herts, Beds and Bucks Group's Topics
  • SGL East Anglian Group's Topics
  • South Leicester Observers's Topics
  • South Wales Group's Topics
  • SGL Surrey Observers's Topics
  • South Yorkshire Stargazers's Topics
  • Yorkshire Astronomers's Topics
  • Devon and Cornwall's Topics
  • West Midlands's Topics
  • Essex Cloud Dodgers's Topics
  • Essex Cloud Dodgers's New equipment
  • NLO and Planetarium's Topics
  • Astronomical Society of Edinburgh's Discussion
  • Dorset Stargazers's Topics
  • Hairy Stars Club (Comets)'s Tutorials and Guides
  • Hairy Stars Club (Comets)'s General Discussion
  • Hairy Stars Club (Comets)'s Observing Campaigns
  • Hairy Stars Club (Comets)'s Analysis results
  • Hairy Stars Club (Comets)'s Useful Links
  • Pixinsight Users Club's Pixinsight Discussion Forum


  • Astro TV
  • Celestial Events
  • SGL Calendar
  • Astro Society Events
  • Star Parties
  • WADAS's Events
  • Beaufort Club's Events
  • Astronomical Society of Edinburgh's Events
  • Dorset Stargazers's Events


There are no results to display.

There are no results to display.

Find results in...

Find results that contain...

Date Created

  • Start


Last Updated

  • Start


Filter by number of...


  • Start





Website URL







Found 112 results

  1. Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 6744 in Pavo NGC 6744 is a Milky Way like barred spiral galaxy in the constellation Pavo. Visible only from lower latitudes, the light we see now left this galaxy around 30 million years ago. Details: Spiral Galaxy NGC 6744 in Pavo. Skywatcher Quattro 10" f4 Newtonian telescope. Skywatcher AZ Eq6 GT Mount. Orion 80mm f5 guide scope and auto guider - PHD2. Baader MPCC Mark 3 Coma Corrector, no filter. Nikon D5300 (unmodified). Field of view (deg) ~ 1.35 x 0.90. ISO800, 14bit NEF, Long Exp. NR on. 44 x 120sec 4th Sept 2016 Processed in PixInsight and finished off in Photoshop. Links: https://500px.com/MikeODay http://photo.net/photos/MikeODay
  2. The Silver Coin Galaxy ( NGC 253 ) in the Sculptor constellation - updated. 24th March 2017: New version that was reprocessed ( again ) to improve colour balance ... original version below ( colours are a little too yellow ) ( click on image to see full size ) The Silver Coin Galaxy ( NGC 253 ) in the Sculptor constellation ( aka the Silver Dollar or Sculptor Galaxy ). Caroline Herschel in 1783 was the first to recordthis bright ‘nebula’ in an area of the southern sky that Nicolas de Lacaille had called the “Apparatus Sculptoris” or “the sculptor’s studio”. Whilst relatively close to us compared to the billions of far more distant galaxies in the Universe, the great size of the “Sculptor Galaxy” and the huge distances involved are still hard to comprehend. To put this into some perspective, the light that is just now reaching one edge of the great disc left the opposite edge when the Earth was in the grip of last great Ice Age 70,000 years ago and the light we now see has been travelling towards us for over 11 million years. Details: NGC 253 - "Silver Coin" or "Sculptor" galaxy. RA 00 48 23, DEC -25 11 52. Skywatcher Quattro 10" f4 Newtonian telescope. Skywatcher AZ Eq6 GT Mount. Orion Short Tube 80mm guide scope & auto guider - PHD2. Baader MPCC Mark 3 Coma Corrector & no filter. Nikon D5300 (unmodified). Field of view (deg) ~ 1.35 x 0.90. 20 x 180 sec ISO 800, long exp noise reduction on. Pixinsight & Photoshop. 4th November 2016 updated version 17 March 2017
  3. Another final process i done the other night. Had the data for a couple weeks now and have had many different versions but this one i enjoy the most. I was able to pull out some of the nice the galactic cirrus dust in this area using new techniques involving luminance layers which i have never used before. Without them i wasnt able to bring any of the IFN to the surface! I cant actually find an image that shows more of the flux nebula than i have here but if anybody knows of one i would be interested in seeing it just to compare. Exposure Details:70* 300 seconds, f7, ISO 800, calibration frames, 805mmScope: Altair Astro 115EDTCamera: Canon 600DaMount: NEQ6
  4. Hi Again, While the Luminance for the mosaic didn't quite work out at 5x5 panes, due to the Eagle getting its wings clipped, I had to add another row to the top. I missed the final pane in the top right. This is something I hope to finish soon, and which will will then give me a wider view of the top, allowing the eagle lots of room to flap. Anyway in this version I have managed to angle a crop to get the Eagle, just about, in the frame. So now this just leaves the final 3 rows of RGB, or I guess 4 rows really. This is 60mins Lum per pane, and a crop of 29 frames. Taken with the Tak FSQ106N and Atik 11000, between May 2012 and June 2013. While this region has been done before by Rogelio, and the phenomenal 50 pane picture from Stephane Guisard, both were taken with the focal reducer, so while I can't match Stephanes picture for data, this is of a higher resolution. Another one for the wall at home if I can find a wall big enough. Even though there is only an hour per pane, this is a bright region of the sky so there is a good signal present. Stitching was done by creating a base layer with Star Align in Pixinsight. Then using Gradient Merger Mosaic, I created a better more accurate base layer from the star aligned files. I then had to go to Registar to individually match each pane to the base layer, which I then stitched together in CS2. The same GMM PI base layer was then used for the RGB panes to match to in registar. So despite some small areas where the join was not perfect, I do hope to be able to combine the RGB data, and the Lum as 2 huge but separate layers either for PI or PS. This will help a lot with colour saturation, balancing the image for brightness, contrast, and sharpness etc.. I've posted an image on Flickr which might be a bit larger than this attachment. http://www.flickr.co...N02/9157592351/ There are lots of beautifully shaped dark nebulae in the image, open and globular clusters and even small planetary nebulae in there that I did not notice until I went to check the stars charts.
  5. I've been doing some galaxy observing in Leo and Virgo and on the night of the 5th April I had a look for NGC 2903, also in Leo, as I waited for Virgo to clear a large tree in my garden. I went looking for NGC 2903 as it was noted as a mag 8.90 galaxy in Stellarium and should have comparable brightness to the Messier galaxies I've been viewing and imaging. Sure enough, it appeared relatively bright in my 32 mm EP and we ended up with a really lovely image once we'd fitted the DSLR. Last night (6th April) I went looking for NGC 2403 as it was indicated as being a mag 8.40 galaxy. It's a tricky star hop, not helped by the galaxy being almost vertical and difficult to maneuver on to (I almost had to bend backwards). Anyway, I couldn't see anything obvious and I'm reasonably sure I was in the right place (and the 32 mm EP has a reasonable field of view). I could easily see M81 and M82, which are nearby and also in Ursa Major, in my binoculars so I assume that either I was looking in the wrong place or I was placing too much faith on the magnitude indicated in Stellarium. Has anyone else gone looking for this galaxy and should it be observable? I later viewed and imaged the galaxy M99 and the globular cluster M53 so it was a good night in the end.
  6. Here's my quicky at M82 SN2014J, two nights ago and the only clear night for ages but quite gusty so the 200p what an excellent sail. 16 x 180s Lights10 x 180s Darks800iso200p HEQ5 Guided in phdProcessed in Nebulosity & CS6
  7. The sky cleared for a spell last night, though there were still patches of cloud floating past, and so I got the scope setup for a bit of observing and imaging. I start hopped from Almaak to bAnd and after a right angle turn to the line of three stars HIP11185, the faint HIP11099, and HIP11090, I managed to find C23. It lies close to HIP11185 on an approximate line back to bAnd. It is pretty faint but with slightly averted vision is certainly looks like a smudgy streak. I only viewed it with my 20 mm EP but I think that a little experimenting at higher power may have helped. I found that that the best views of M51, on previous sessions, were with my 10 mm EP which really helped to contrast the galaxy against the background glow of the sky. The cloud rolling back in last prevented me trying this sadly. Hopefully, I'll get the chance to try again soon.
  8. From the album: Deep Sky Imaging

    This is a 10 hour exposure of the NGC1055 galaxy using a standard Canon DSLR. The image is taken with a Celestron 8" SCT at F10 (2032mm focal length). The image consists of mostly 600s subs and approximately 2 hours of 90-150s subs, all at ISO 800. This galaxy is located at about 60 Million Light years distance from us, and at a magnitude of 12.5 is quite a faint object to image, especially when there is a little bit of light pollution with in the par of the sky it is imaged at... Looking at the result, I probably should have used the f6.3 FR to have less over sampling and most likely capturing more light in the same amount of time, or same amount in less time... end result most probably, at worst, would have been the same if not very similar and at best there might have been a bit more detail captured since guiding at 63% of the focal length and not oversamplig the subs would not be as susceptible to seeing/star fluctuations/movement.
  9. From the album: Wornish Deep Sky

    Finally got guiding to work. Total of 50 mins exposures stacked in DSS and processed in Pixinsight
  10. From the album: Deep Sky Objects

    M31 Andromeda Galaxy, taken using LRGB filters. No Moon, but heavy light pollution and a battle with dew. Plenty of tracking problems, the LX90 mount is showing the effort of tracking is this much equipment with a lot of errors. But I'm relatively pleased with the result. I have fine tuned the Orion ST80 and the end results seem very much improved over previous efforts so it looks like the hard work has paid off. The astrobin link if you want more information is: http://www.astrobin.com/238758/ Let me know what you think.
  11. Toxophilus


    From the album: Deep Sky Objects

    NGC2403 - Taken over a couple of nights,both affected by cloud and my tracking was not as good as it should be, so the final result is not as sharp as I had hoped.
  12. Toxophilus


    From the album: Deep Sky Objects

    Messier 100 - First run with the Skywatcher AZ-EQ6 GT. Great tracking, the image was just spoilt by light pollution. I need to find a better approach to dealing with it. I did have this in LRGB and the image would be great if it was not for the yellow cast. Time to turn to the internet for further advice. For more details the Astrobin link is: http://www.astrobin.com/241961/
  13. M31 testing to find the happy settings for when the heat and humidity leaves taken 4 nights after Florence saturated the Carolinas with water. taken in not ideal conditions but, I was having withdrawals. I needed to test out different settings to see which would give me the better data , UG or HDR and guess which one out? Stars are a lot better since I got my autoguiding going , now to get rid of the boil and clouds.
  14. Yet another Markarian's Chain image. I tried to ' dither' between shots (with the camera, that is, as opposed to me dithering) for the first time ever, but the tie it takes to dither meant that I lost 30 minutes of images, so this is based on around 80 mins (180 s exposures at iso 1600). The Astrometry images shows why this is an amazing sight in the sky - how many civilisations are there in those galaxies?
  15. Barnard's Galaxy ( NGC 6822 ) in the constellation Sagittarius ( final version - well, at least until I can get more data ) ( click on image to see larger ) Barnard's Galaxy is one of a number of dwarf galaxies relatively near to us in our Local Group of galaxies. Similar in structure to the Small Magellanic Cloud, Barnard's galaxy is thought to be about half the size and around eight times as far away at 1.6 M Light Years. Weather permitting I hope to add more subs to help bring the faint detail further out from the sky background. Details: Barnard's Galaxy ( NGC 6822 ). Skywatcher Quattro 10" f4 Newtonian telescope. Skywatcher AZ Eq6 GT Mount. Orion 80mm f5 guide scope and auto guider - PHD2. Baader MPCC Mark 3 Coma Corrector, no filter. Nikon D5300 (unmodified). Field of view (deg) ~ 1.35 x 0.90. ISO400, 14bit NEF, Long Exp. NR on. 40 x 180sec (1/3 before & 2/3 after zenith) 25 Aug 16. Processed in PixInsight and finished off in Photoshop. re-processed to increase contrast and brightness of galaxy and a slight increase in overall sharpness. Links: https://500px.com/MikeODay http://photo.net/photos/MikeODay
  16. Barnard's Galaxy ( NGC 6822 ) in the constellation Sagittarius ( click on image to see larger ) Barnard's Galaxy is one of a number of dwarf galaxies relatively near to us in our Local Group of galaxies. Similar in structure to the Small Magellanic Cloud, Barnard's galaxy is thought to be about half the size and around eight times as far away at 1.6 M Light Years. Weather permitting I hope to add more subs to help bring the faint detail further out from the sky background. Details: Barnard's Galaxy ( NGC 6822 ). Skywatcher Quattro 10" f4 Newtonian telescope. Skywatcher AZ Eq6 GT Mount. Orion 80mm f5 guide scope and auto guider - PHD2. Baader MPCC Mark 3 Coma Corrector, no filter. Nikon D5300 (unmodified). Field of view (deg) ~ 1.35 x 0.90. ISO400, 14bit NEF, Long Exp. NR on. 40 x 180sec (1/3 before & 2/3 after zenith) 25 Aug 16. Processed in PixInsight and finished off in Photoshop. Links: https://500px.com/MikeODay http://photo.net/photos/MikeODay
  17. Nearby spiral galaxy NGC 4945 in the constellation Centaurus. ( click on image to see full size ) ( This is an update of my image of NGC 4945 with an additional 22 x 360sec images at ISO400. ) NGC 4945 in the constellation Centaurus is a large spiral galaxy about the size of the Milkyway and around 13 million light years from Earth. It is shown here nearly edge-on and is accompanied in the image by a number of far more distant galaxies; the brightest of which is the 10th magnitude elliptical galaxy NGC 4976 (centre left of the image) which is around 30 million light years away. Links: https://500px.com/MikeODay http://photo.net/photos/MikeODay Details: RA 13h 06.5m, Dec -49 deg 33.5' Skywatcher Quattro 10" f4 Newtonian Skywatcher AZ Eq6 GT Mount Guiding: Orion Shortube 80 guidescope, Starshoot Autoguider, PHD2 Baader MPCC Mark 3 Coma Corrector Hutech IDAS D1 light pollution filter Nikon D5300 (unmodified) Long exposure noise reduction on 10 x 200sec @ ISO400 (19 Mar 2016) 22 x 360sec @ ISO400 ( 1 May 2016) Pixinsight Includes: NGC 4945 ( mag +9.3 ) NGC 4945A ( mag +13.3 ) NGC 4976 ( mag +10.0 ) PGC 45001 ( mag + 14.1 ) PGC 45317 ( mag + 14.2 ) PGC 45373 ( mag + 18.0 ) PGC 479454 ( mag + 15.9 ) PGC 480158 (mag + 16.8 ) Previous version :
  18. Messier 51 - The Whirlpool Galaxy by Chris Kennedy, on Flickr Happy to get this one in, as it's now snowing here in Mansfield, England! Friday night/Saturday morning was the first clear night I've seen in over a month, and thankfully the 11mph wind was coming in from the North, so the gear was sheltered. My garden is less garden and more swamp currently, indeed expecting Yoda to come out of a hole and point out the first temple of the Jedi. So I pre-sank the tripod a few inches in to the ground and then leveled it - was a pain to pull it from the frosty hard ground the next morning! I originally got my ATIK414ex for narrow band imaging, as light pollution in suburban Mansfield is awful and rather limiting, but I can't resist some of the more iconic galaxies! Even if processing can be tricky! As there's a Moon rising - will probably spend my next session going over M51 in H-alpha, really to bring out the star forming regions, perhaps also a few really long exposures to add background stars. Imaging Details: RGB Sets: R x 30 | G x 30 | B x 30 - 6 hours initially, but re-shot 15 of the R set as M51 was higher in the sky, so sky background levels where better. Optics: Meade LX90 8" SCT, f6.3 Focal Reducer, Baader RGB filters. Camera: ATIK 414ex, -17c, bin 2x2, 240s Guiding: ASI120mm, ATIK OAG, error 0.7 - 0.9", PHD (Also used for drift align) Datasets: R 30x, G 30x, B 30x, Per channel flats Processing: DSS, Photoshop Conditions: Ground saturated, pre-sunk tripod, 1c/-1c, Wind 11mph (sheltered), occasional cloud cover (10%), Suburban light pollution.
  19. Hi, I was asked on a Swedish forum to put an "Astronomical Dictionary" on my homepage. I have made a test page in an easy form. Astronomical related words linked to wikipedia. It aims to the beginners in astronomy so it should not be too complicated words. http://astrofriend.eu/astronomy/astronomical-dictionary/astronomical-dictionary.html Let me know if it's useful and and I shall add more words. /Lars
  20. Here we have NGC2997, a Magnitude 10 face on spiral galaxy approx 9x7 arcmins in size and 25 Million Light years from my place. According to Wiki, NGC2997 is particularly notable for a nucleus surrounded by a chain of hot giant clouds of ionized hydrogen. Taken with my 8in F5 scope on a Mesu200 , and a QHY12 colour camera, approx 11 hours of exposure time spread over 3 nights. Cheers Bill
  21. My first (very poor) attempt at imaging M31. Andromeda Stack.TIF 34 Lights of 30" duration, No Darks, Flats or Bias's. Canon 1100D controlled by EOS Utilities. Celestron 2" focal reducer. C8 XLT on a CG5-GT mount, unguided.
  22. Finally had the right mix of work trips, dark skies, and time to get out and spend some time under the stars. My 'normal spot' was cloud covered with a second day of thick 'monsoon' moisture pushing into the US SouthWest and hanging out over the mountains. I tried out a new stargazing location 10 minutes from my hotel...it provided good skies to the east and south...north was washed out from local businesses and west had sky glow for quite a while. That said...the Milky Way was beautiful and nearly stretched from horizon to horizon (sky glow to the north stopped it in that direction). Lagoon Nebula/Butterfly Cluster were obvious and M31 was just visible (averted) once it was high enough. So overall conditions were pretty decent. Location: Tehachapi, CA, USA Elevation: ~4300' MSL Time: 21:00-00:30 Observing was done primarily with my 10mm EP for 120x but for some targets i also used the 26mm EP for 46x. UHC filter was used for nebula. I went out with SkyTools3 and sorted my Hershell 400 list to show only objects in SCO and SGR. Here's the list of objects observed from that quick sorting: NGC6451 (Tom Thumb Cluster) - OC - shape looked roughly like a heart NGC6544 - GC - a tight, dusty snowball NGC6520 - OC - looked like a thumb...dark vein in MW surrounding NGC6624 - GC - compact cluster...nearly solid core with dusty 'corona' NGC6553 - GC - faint...somewhat trapizoidal shaped...no detail NGC6569 - GC - even, dirty textured snow ball NGC6645 - OC - nothing memorable...a grouping of stars in the MW...easy find NGC6568 - OC - another bunch of stars a little closer than others...nothing memorable NGC6818 (Little Gem) - PN - a fuzzy star a bit bigger than the rest - perhaps a slight blue hue? NGC6583 - OC - a faint little OC that stood out enough to make me figure out what it was...shaped like a fuzzy triangle NGC6540 - GC - a ghost of a GC...very faint...averted best NGC6558 - GC - small, faint GC NGC6547 - OC - hard to pin down...non-descript but the field was right Then moving over to the Messier List I observed M25 - OC - easy target M55 - GC - not an easy star hop but a nice cluster once there...100+ stars visible M75 - GC - tight GC with a bright core which quickly diffuses to about 3x the core width...a fuzz ball M15 - GC - WOW! Nice GC...bright with lots of tendrils running away from the core M30 - GC - a right GC that looked like it had 2-3 legs coming off it...more like and oC than a GC M72 - GC - dirty snowball...not bright M73 - OC - difficult star hop for me... to see...4 stars(?)...blah. Then I finished the night with two new friends and two old ones: NGC7000 (North American Nebula) - Diff Neb - UHC filter - saw the Gulf of Mexico area pretty easily...haze only in the rest of 'North America' Will have to revisit under darker skies. IC5070 (Pelican Nebula) - Diff Neb - UHC Filter - could just see the largest/brigtest section with averted vision...and just barely. Will have to revisit under darker skies M31 (Andromeda Galaxy) - GX - beautiful first view in months M110 - GX - Andromeda's little partner...pretty M33 (Pinwheel Galaxy) - just searched for it for the fun of it...just faintly visible with no detail. Need darker skies. A very good night by all standards. 22 new finds, a few old friends and I finished the Messier List!!! Yeah! Happy Hunting!
  23. Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope Having spent the years 1825 to 1833 cataloguing the double stars, nebulae and clusters of stars visible from Slough, in the south of England, John Herschel, together with his family and telescopes, set sail from Portsmouth on the 13th of November 1833 bound for Cape Town. As detailed below, in an extract from his book, the family enjoyed a pleasant and uneventful voyage and arrived some 5 months later at Table Bay with all family and instruments in good condition. Reading on however, one might very well think that it might not have ended so well had they but left shortly after ... “... (iii.) Accordingly, having- placed the instrument in question, as well as an equatorially mounted achromatic telescope of five inches aperture, and seven feet focal length, by Tulley, which had served me for the measurement of double stars in England; together with such other astronomical apparatus as I possessed, in a fitting condition for the work, and taken every precaution, by secure packing, to insure their safe arrival in an effective state, at their destination, they were conveyed (principally by water carriage) to London, and there shipped on board the Mount Stewart Elpliinstone, an East India Company's ship, Richardson,Esq. Commander, in which, having taken passage for myself and family for the Cape of Good Hope, we joined company at Portsmouth, and sailing thence on the13th November, 1833, arrived, by the blessing of Providence, safely in Table Bay, on the 15th January, 1834, and landed the next morning, after a pleasant voyage, diversified by few nautical incidents, and without seeing land in the interim. It was most fortunate that, availing himself of a very brief opportunity afforded by a favorable change of wind, our captain put to sea when he did, as we subsequently heard that, immediately after our leaving Portsmouth, and getting out to sea, an awful hurricane had occurred from the S. W. (of which we experienced nothing), followed by a series of south-west gales, which prevented any vessel sailing for six weeks. In effect, the first arrival from England, after our own, was that of the Claudine, on the 4th of April, with letters dated January 1st.(iv.) ...” “Result of Astronomical Observations, Made During the Years 1834, 5, 6, 7, 8, At the Cape of Good Hope ... “ by Sir John Herschel, 1847 John Herschel rented a property and set up the twenty foot reflector near Table Mountain, at a site, that was then, just outside of Cape Town. The Twenty Feet Reflector at Feldhausen, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, 1834 This telescope was made by Herschel in England and transported, along with his other instruments, by ship to Cape Town and then inland to Feldhausen. The telescope is a Newtonian reflector, built to William Herschel’s design, with a focal length of 20 feet and clear aperture of 18 1/4 inches ( f13 ). The location of the telescope was established by careful survey to be: lat 33d 55’ 56.55”, long 22h 46’ 9.11” W ( or 18.462 deg E ). The site of the great telescope was memorialised by the people of Cape Town by the erection of a granite column that is still there today. ............. Observations of the Sculptor Galaxy Amongst his many thousands of observations made from Cape Town, of nebulae, clusters of stars, double stars, the sun, etc., Sir John Herschel records that he observed V.1 ( CH10 - Caroline’s Nebula - the Sculptor Galaxy ) during two different “sweeps” and gave it the number 2345 in his South African catalogue. Sweeps: 646 - 20th November 1835; 733 - 12th September 1836 At the latitude of Feldhausen, and on these dates, the Sculptor galaxy would have been at an altitude around 80 degrees above the northern horizon when near the meridian ( which was where the telescope was pointed during Herschel’s “sweeps” ). The sight afforded from this location, with the Sculptor Galaxy almost at the zenith, must have been significantly brighter and clearer than the Herschels had thus far been granted from its location way down near the horizon south of Slough. .......... Other Obsevations by John Herschel from Cape Town Also observed by John Herschel in 1835 were the people and animals that inhabit the moon ... The Great Moon Hoax of 1825 - “Lunar Animals and other Objects, Discovered by Sir John Herschel in his Observatory at the Cape of Good Hope ... “
  24. Observations of the Sculptor Galaxy ( NGC 253 ) by William and John Herschel The very large and bright 'nebula' discovered by Caroline Herschel in 1783, that we now know as the Sculptor Galaxy, was observed a number of times by her 'dear brother' Sir William Herschel and by her 'beloved nephew' Sir John Herschel, Baronet. Some of these observations were recorded and published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society and, with respect to those by Sir John in South Africa, in the book of Astronomical Observations at the Cape of Good Hope. ......... Part 1. Observation of the 'class V nebula', H V.1, by Sir William Herschel, 1783 In 1782, with the fresh patronage of King George III, William Herschel, together with his sister Caroline, undertook the not inconsiderable task of transferring his astronomical equipment from Bath to Datchet ( near Windsor ) in England. Shortly afterwards, in 1983, Sir William began a "sweep of the heavens" with the very large Newtonian telescope of his design and construction. With this mighty telescope's twenty foot focal length and clear aperture of a little over eighteen and half inches, William was able to see fainter objects and smaller detail than any other astronomer of that time. ( source: The Scientific Papers of Sir William Herschel, Vol.1 ) ...... On the 30th of October, 1783, in the course of one of his "sweeps" with the twenty-foot telescope, Sir William Herschel observed Caroline's 'nebula' and noted down ( or perhaps more likely, dictated to Caroline ) a description of what he saw and a reference to its position relative to a 4th magnitude star in the Piscis Austrainus constellation, #18 Pis. Aust. ( with reference to Flamsteed's Catalogue ( or HD 214748 , HIP 111954 as we might call it )). Over the course of the next three years, Sir William would go on to view the Sculptor Galaxy a total of seven more times; as recorded in his paper "Catalogue of One Thousand New Nebulae and Clusters of Stars", presented to the Royal Society on the 27th of April 1786. ( Source ) Sir William's somewhat cryptic notes can be translated by reference to the key provide in his paper and doing so reveals the following: Class: V. ( very large nebula ) Number: 1 Observed ( by WH ): 30 Oct 1784 Reference star: 18 Piscis Austrainus ( Flamsteed's Catalogue; the best reference for the time - we might use epsilon Pis. Aust. or HD 214748 / HIP 111954 ) Sidereal direction rel. to star ( following or leading ): following star Sidereal time rel. to star: 128 min 17 sec Declination direction rel. to star: north of star Declination amount rel. to star: 1deg 39min Observed: 8 times ( up until April 1786, the date of the paper ) Description: - cB: "confidently bright" - mE: "much extended" - sp: "south preceding" - nf: "north following" - mbM: "much brighter middle" - size: 50' x 7 or 8' " CH" denotes that it was discovered by his sister Caroline Herschel The note he refers to expands on details of Caroline's discovery ... ...............................................
  25. From the album: Deep Sky Objects

    Messier 101 - Pinwheel Galaxy Taken with reasonable seeing and the best guiding I have managed to date. I still need to get the guiding better but we are getting there. This is in monochrome only as I used a Skywatcher Clear Sky filter to deal with the light pollution. I'm very pleased with the end result all things considered. If you wnat more detail, the astrobin link is: http:// http://www.astrobin.com/247272/
  • Create New...

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use.